01- Check your immunization record .
02- Take enough prescription medication for the time you will be gone.
03- Medical alert bracelet, if needed.
04- Carry extra glasses or contacts and equipment.
05- Check your health insurance for international travel or out of network coverage.
01- Avoid direct sunlight between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m.
02- Use sunscreen with a SPF of 15 or greater.
03- Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going out and after swimming or excessive sweating.
04- Wear sunglasses, a hat or other protective clothing when possible.
05- If you are on medication, check its potential adverse interaction with the sun.
01- In a car, the best place to be is the driver’s seat. Second best is the front window seat.
02- On a bus, sit near the front by a window, preferably one that opens.
03- On a plane, wheels are the most stable place.
04- On a boat, try to get a mid-ship cabin close to the waterline.
05- There are over the counter medications available to relieve motion sickness. Most should be taken at least half an hour before leaving.
01- Limit outdoor activities between dusk and dawn. (Dengue fever, however, is transmitted by day-biting mosquitoes, primarily in urban areas)
02- Wear good insect repellent containing DEET.
03- Reapply insect repellent after swimming or excessive sweating.
04- Wear protective clothing such as long sleeve and pants whenever practical
05- Sleep in well-screened areas.
06- You can still develop malaria after you leave the endemic area. You must continue with the prescribed medication for four weeks after leaving Malaria areas.
01- Dont swim in fresh water.
02- It is common for lakes, rivers and streams to be infected by parasitic larvae.
03- These parasites are capable of penetrating the unbroken skin of humans causing serious illness in some cases.
04- Don’t swim, wade or walk in slow moving fresh water lakes, rivers, or streams where these parasites are known to occur.
05- If this contact is unavoidable, towel dry quickly to prevent the parasite from penetrating the skin.
01- Up to 50 percent of travelers contract diarrhea during their trip. The most common reason is contaminated food and water.
02- Consume only canned or commercially bottled carbonated drinks.
03- Avoid ice cubes that are not made from purified water.
04- Filtration alone is not recommended.
05- Brushing teeth should also be done with purified water. If it’s not available, use hot tap water.
06- Ensure all food is well cooked – especially meat and seafood.
07- Don’t eat leftovers, food from street vendors, or unpasteurized dairy products.
08- Never eat raw shellfish.
09- Avoid cold cuts, salads, watermelon and puddings.
10- Don’t eat canned food if the tin appears “blown” or “swollen.”
11- Eat only fruits and vegetables that you properly wash and peel yourself.
12- Cook or bake fruits and vegetables that can’t be peeled or washed.
01- Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
02- Drink clear broth or eat salted crackers to compensate for loss of salt.
03- Avoid milk products.
04- If you have bloody stools, seek medical attention.
05- Take over the counter medication for diarrhea.